- Garcia Martinez, Tigchelaar, van der Woude 1998. DJD 23: 221-241.
This is a collection of “pesher” commentaries on verses from the Hebrew Bible. It focuses on Melchizedek, an enigmatic figure who is mentioned only twice in the Hebrew Bible: in Genesis 14:18–20 and in Psalm 110:4. Whereas the Bible describes him as a priest and a king, this text portrays him as a heavenly savior figure who will rescue the righteous at the final judgment. Moreover, the writer seems to interpret the divine epithet "Elohim" in several biblical verses as referring to Melchizedek, not to God. This portrayal of Melchizedek bears many similarities with that of Jesus in the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament, shedding light on the nature of messianic expectations among Jews during the Second Temple period.